What is Football Team Cohesion?
Cohesion is typically defined as the level to which a group feels connected, bonds, and remains united through their pursuit of accomplishing a common goal. We differentiate two kinds of cohesions. Having a relationship with one another is considered as a form of social cohesion, while working together toward an achieving defined common goal is considered as a form of task cohesion. Professional football coach has a task of building both kinds of cohesion. He must facilitate establishing and strengthening connection and mutual trust between his players, and at the same time define mutual goals and team cohesion activities in which all players, through individual and combined effort, will endeavour to succeed.
Why is Team Cohesion Important?
Every football coach knows that team performance cannot get better until you improve team unity. As the team unity gets better, it will harvest combined strength and knowledge of all the individuals, and improve overall strength and quality of the team. Building a football team cohesion is highly related to improved team performance. By giving each other support, players motivate themselves and this activity will enhance their mental stability.
By designing team building exercises and football team cohesion activities, you can upgrade communication between players and improve cohesion of your team. When improving these, you will directly build up your team confidence, because your players will know they have support from their teammates and are sure they can rely on them to help when needed. When players learn to trust each other, they create a bond, a connection that pushes them further to be motivated to play better on the field and give their maximum.
Teams that achieve cohesion, often succeed in their rise to the top of their league and overcome their rivals. If a team has a higher level of cohesion, it has a higher chance to perform well, which will ultimately lead to building a more cohesive team. This is extremely important when it comes to youth football players, because it is also positively related to their further development and commitment.
How to Realise the Level of Team Cohesion?
You can tell that your team has good cohesion, when all the team players act as one, when they are united with one common goal, supporting each other’s efforts throughout the game, to reach their maximum potential. All their individual efforts combined, will make the team more efficient on the field.
How to Accomplish Cohesion?
It was experienced before that the skill and ability of an individual player may bring your team certain success, but to achieve the full potential of your team and make them more than just a group of individuals, to make them a team, the specific bond must develop between them. The everlasting connection and mutual understanding in your squad can be strengthened in a numerous ways through different football team cohesion activities:
- Spending time together to get to know each other and develop mutual respect
- Building healthy environment by creating reliance on each other, so that all player feel as a member of group
- Building a strong team identity, by having collective goals that will achieve together
- Having a faith in mutual goals and shared ambition with all team members
- Striving all the time to improve their performance, motivating and pushing their teammates to move the boundaries of their abilities
- Treating all team members the same, without any kind of unequal treatment.
Although this may sound simple to achieve, coaches all over the world and even in the elite leagues have found this task quite challenging, and sometimes even impossible to achieve. If you accomplish creating a bond and some kind of brotherhood between your players, you may consider yourself lucky in terms of creating cohesion between your team members.
Team Building Activities
There are many team building activities you can organize in order to enhance your team cohesion. Selecting team building activities and football team cohesion activities that are fun, engaging and have the intended impact can be quite hard. First of all, you need to identify how your team currently interacts and choose those exercises that will improve any potential weak-spots in your team. You should detect the level of cohesion your team has at the moment. Do they know each other well, maybe from their academy days? Did they come from different areas and cultures? Do they need a morale boost after a few defeats? After selecting starting conditions and detecting weak spots that you should improve, then you should select appropriate team building activities.
Plan a Field Trip Together
This is a basic and fundamental team building activity. Organize a road trip to a nearby park or picnic area, visit a local football stadium or some fun indoor sports complex together, such as laser-tag, bowling, or ice-skating rink. Any activity indoor or outdoor, which will help raise team spirit. These kinds of activities are a way to put your players in a natural, casual environment, where they will be able to get to know each other better and connect without pressure. Even a small arrangement as going for a meal together may help them relax and stimulate their camaraderie. One great activity that will not only help them bond, but also enhance their teamwork is going to the Escape Room. They will work there as a group and try to solve a problem together. Putting them in these challenging conditions will improve their communication and cooperation.
Play Fun Games
Fun and friendly competitions are an extraordinary way to improve cohesion in your team and establish a healthy contest atmosphere, which will be both enjoyable and interesting for your players. There are many kind of these activities:
The Floor is Lava
Create two teams and give them sheets of paper that are “safe spots” to help them cross over the ground, which now represents lava. Players must put the paper on the ground and step on it to get across. Whenever someone steps off the paper, the entire team must start over. This is a great way to make players cooperate. Teammates will rely on one another for balance and must communicate to each other to save their team from falling into the lava. As mentioned in the introduction, you see this is a great example of activity that fulfils both social and task cohesion: activity where participants have a relationship with one another, while working on achieving common goals.
Separate your players into two teams. Each team is given a blanket and each player in a team spreads it out, so they form some sort of blanket trampoline. Throwing the ball into the middle of the blanket, teams must flip the ball over a volleyball net, which the opposing team must catch in their blanket. This kind of team exercise is ideal for youth teams. It enhances teamwork and communication, as they are necessary to achieve success in this game.
So simple, but so much fun. Considered a classic, this exercise will increase excitement during training sessions. The crossbar challenge simply requires players to stand a designated distance away from the goal, and attempt to kick the ball onto the crossbar. It is a tough activity and will motivate them to work hard, but when someone succeeds, it will start a delight all over the team.
Bound To Succeed
Split the team into groups of 2 or 3 players. Tie their hands together, while facing them to each other. With their hands bound, give them different tasks to complete. It could be any kind of task. Something simple like tying a shoe, or inflating the ball. Maybe writing or drawing something down. You can even give them some kind of more complex tasks, like preparing a salad or sandwich. Team building exercises like this help build cohesion and boost creativity. They’re also quite fun for everyone involved.
Have players pick their favourite football team or league, or any other topic in the matter of fact, and host a trivia night. Rank questions by difficulty and establish a scoring system. This can be done every week or so, and will be an exceptional way to spend time together.
Doing Sport Activities Together
There are many other sport activities, besides football team cohesion activities, that can help team cohesion. One example is going to the gym together. This will help players to keep each other motivated and stimulate their teamwork by setting collective fitness goals. They will also guide each other and help their teammates achieve their personal goals.
Go for a Run Together
Choose a running route, and then slowly enhance the distance. Players will stay motivated to move the boundaries of their endurance and stamina. Sharing running tips and experience can not only help establish a good relationship and locker room atmosphere, but also help some players professionally, to uplift their fitness level and become better players.
Any Other Sport
Swimming, basketball, or rugby, can also be quite refreshing for your players and an enjoyable activity. Organize these kinds of recreation from time to time.
Visit Sport Events Together
And last, but definitely not least, is to visit football (or any other sport events) match together. Let them see how professionals function as a team and use their teamwork to win, how they support each other during the match. Show them a good example of all the things you are trying to teach them. In the same time, you all will have a great time together and bring us closer as a group.
Without creating lasting relationships on and off the pitch, you will not be able to create a team and will finish with a set of individuals. Without properly composed team and right football team cohesion activities, those individuals will not be able to push themselves further and fulfil their potential. Bringing your team closer together allows them to improve their own game and enhances their team efforts on the pitch as well. Only through high levels of team cohesion and friendship and mutual respect between the players, can the entire team achieve greatness.